Horgoš

Horgoš is the most northern village of Vojvodina Region in Serbia. The busiest state border crossing in the country is Horgoš – Roszke state border crossing between Serbia and Hungary. 

The village and its surrounding are rich with valuable archeological sites. The archeological site of Crkvine is registrated as a cultural heritage of great importance. 

Horgoš was first mentioned in 11th century, when a monastery of the Benedictine order was established in the area. In the vicinity of the monastery there were two little fishing villages – Horgoš and Saint Peter. The name Horgoš originates from the Hungarian word “horog“ which means hook, and it is related to a lake, which was located nearby – Horgas lake = Hook lake. 

As the Ottomans left, a military border was formed on the Tisa River and Horgoš was also a part of these military areas of Potisje.

 

In 1746 a clerk form Szeged (Hungary) – Miklos Karasz bought this deserted land and immediately began to settle people. During that period the history of Horgoš is closely related to the history of Karas family. Thanks to them, Horgoš was rapidly developing in the late 18th and in the 19th century. The fashionable resort of Kamaraš was built (today Nature Park), which became very popular among rich and famous Hungarian people at that time. Bela Bartok, a famous Hungarian composer often stayed at Kamaraš in order to collect traditional folk songs with his college Balazs Bela.  

The World War I brought many changes – Horgoš has been come under Serbia (former Yugoslavia). Great Hungarian landlords were forced to leave, their land was confiscated. After World War II farmer`s cooperatives were formed and the industrialization began.

 Production of red paprika and other spices and vegetables are still the most important agriculture. 

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