Kanjiža is on the elevation of 87 m above the sea level. There are the following geomorphic units: the alluvial plain of Tisa river, the loess terrace, the Subotica Sands and the Backa Loess Plateua.
Being located deep in the Pannonian plain, Kanjiža is under influence of various climate impacts. The climate is continental with warm summers and cold winters.
Water is a valuable resourse: Tisa river, Kereš river, several small lakes and thermal water wells. Properties of the thermal water: sodium, hydro-carbonated, iodine, bromine, sulfurous, alkali and hyper-thermal water. It is being used both as a curing appliance as well as for recreation. The depth of the thermal-water well is 1140 m, and the temperature of the water is 72ºC.
Protected Species and Areas
Blooming of the Tisa river
Palingenia longicauda is an aquatic insect. It is known as the Tisa or Tisza mayfly, after the European Tisza river where it is found and also as the long-tailed mayfly and giant mayfly since it is the largest mayfly species in Europe, measuring 12 cm (5 in) from head to tail. Unlike most mayflies, adult Palingenia longicauda never leaves the water; their cerci are constantly touching or sweeping the surface. The slow-moving river and the absence of surface-feeding fish make this possible. The presence of Palingenia longicauda is an indicator of clean unpolluted water. Palingenia longicauda is now extincted in many European countries.
In June, a great number of people visit Kanjiža to witness the natural phenomenon of the blooming of the Tisa river and to enjoy the love dance of the Tisa Mayfly aquatic insect. Millions of yellow insects with grey wings fly on top of the river surface. The whole adventure is completed by the humming of their silky wings and the reflection of a setting sun in the water mirror. As if they are aware of the fact that the end of the day is the end of their lives, too – they hurry to fulfill their obligation – to create a new generation. The impression can be compared to the beauty of the rainbow of the Niagara Falls, or even the first love.
The Nature Reserve “Selevenjske Pustare”
The Nature Reserve “Selevenjske Pustare” is a protected area since 1997. The area of Selevenjske Pustare consists of salt marshes and wet meadows with fragments of steppe vegetation, while Selevenj forest, with an area of approximately 90 hectares, is mostly covered with various tree species.
The Nature Park “Kamaraš”
The Nature Park “Kamaraš” is a complex of wetlands, which are situated between Subotica-Horgoš sand, loess terraces and alluvial plain of the Tisa River. The natural vegetation of the nature park belongs to the most endangered vegetation types in the Pannonian region.